Action 4: Establishment of criteria and procedures for the identification of the most hazardous pesticides used in the area/crops and implementation of a strategy for their substitution
Alongside the rational use of pesticides in terms of their input quantities, the chemicals’ qualitative characteristics constitute an important factor in minimizing the risk to human health and the environment. In this Action, the toxicological, ecotoxicological and environmental properties of the pesticides used in the pilot area were considered in a comparative risk assessment, taking into account specific application scenarios and site-specific conditions. The products were ranked according to their hazards and risks, taking also into account other factors - such as the risk of pest/weed resistance development, currently applied agricultural practices and the possibility of emergency situations. This ranking automatically provides an initial indication and all the necessary information for the correct selection of safer alternatives.